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The 2nd CWW will be held under the auspices of H.E. Mr. Abdel Fatah El-Sisi, President of the Arab Republic of Egypt and will be organized by the Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation in collaboration with national, regional and international partners. The CWW became the focus of attention of every one cares about water as a basic element for life and turned to be the main and largest water event in Egypt. Thus, it has gained the interest and support of all water stakeholders at all levels.

The current world population of 7.3 billion is expected to reach 9.8 billion in 2050, and 11.2 billion in 2100 (UN, 2017). With increasing population; the water demand is increasing while the world fresh water resources are limited to only 2.5% of all the water on earth. Out of this amount of freshwater, only 1% is accessible and the rest is trapped in glaciers. Moreover, the problem gets worse due to climate change, thus water scarcity has become one of the most serious global challenges especially in arid and vulnerable regions. It was listed in 2015 by the World Economic Forum as the largest global risk in terms of potential impact over the next decade.

According to different global water scarcity indicators, most of the African continent faces economic water scarcity where water is inaccessible, while in the Middle East and North Africa the physical water scarcity is the predominant-inadequate natural water resources to supply the region’s demands. As one of the North African arid countries, Egypt faces physical water scarcity, in addition to its vulnerability to the effect of global warming, sea level rise and the fast growing population that pose many challenges that need a lot of efforts and innovative ideas for achieving sustainable development.

Driven by the success of the1st Cairo Water Week, it has been decided to make the CWW an annual event. Thus, the 2nd Cairo Water Week will be organized on October 20-24, 2019 in Cairo, Egypt. As a natural sequence after the 1st CWW, the title of the 2nd CWW is chosen to be “Responding to Water Scarcity”. It will be an opportunity for academics, scholars, and policy makers, water resources experts from all around the world to present and discuss the key issues, plans and actions related to responding to the challenges of water scarcity. Thus, the 2nd CWW aims at translating the vision created during the 1st CWW into actions towards best practices and suitable implementation plans. CWW ensures knowledge transfer and how it can be acquired through successful public or private business models, political opportunities and obstacles, capacity building needs.

Themes and Topics

Cairo Water Week 2019 will address the main theme “Responding to Water Scarcity” through five sub-themes overarching a broad spectrum of the water scarcity. They are linked in many ways and difficult to make separation. Under each sub-theme, variety of topics could be covered. They are listed only as guidance but not limited to shape the 2nd CWW agenda as can be seen below:

Sustainable development calls for concerted efforts towards building a resilient future for our societies. Interlinkages between water, energy, food and environment would also contribute to sustainable development. This sub-theme will focus on water for sustainable development considering the following topics:

  • Promoting efficiency in domestic, agricultural and industrial water use
  • Mitigating water quality degradation and pollution clean up
  • Coping with water scarcity to achieve food security
  • Water accounting for optimum water management
  • Making clean water and safe sanitation accessible and affordable
  • Interlinkages between water, energy, food and environment
  • Managing water to alleviate poverty and hunger
  • Progress towards achieving Goal 6 of the SDGs
  • Public-private partnership (ppp) in water management

Shared water resources must be seen as a tool for cooperation and for promoting equitable allocation of water resources and their benefits. Regional cooperation in a transboundary context is considered a key solution towards achieving water security. This sub-theme will address the importance of promoting regional cooperation considering the following topics:

  • Water scarcity & benefit sharing
  • Case studies of regional cooperation on transboundary water
  • Knowledge sharing and exchange between riparian countries
  • Transboundary water governance
  • Water diplomacy and Hydro-politics

The research and innovation sub-theme will focus on the up-to-date applications of scientific and technological innovations in water management to help countries tackle their water challenges and ensure sustainable development. The sub-theme aims at encouraging sharing of information and technological action tools for imminent water challenges considering the following topics:

  • Methods and tools for better water management
  • Smart water management for prodactivity
  • Agriculture research for water saving
  • Managing multi-objective infrastructures
  • Nanotechnology applications in water
  • Using of remote sensing for water management
  • Youth innovations for maximizing water benefits

This sub-theme will focus on two questions: “how will climate change affect the water cycle” and “what are the key mitigation and adaptation strategies for reducing the environmental risks”. Considering the impact of climate change on quality of life, health and food security, the sub-theme will consider the following topics:

  • Adaptation and mitigation measures under severity conditions
  • Adaptation to CC impact on water, environment and ecosystems
  • Adaptation to CC impacts on agriculture and crop production
  • Flood and drought risk management
  • Sea level rise and integrated coastal zone management
  • Vulnerability of arid regions to CC

Use of non-conventional water resources has become irreplaceable options to reduce the gap between water supply and demand. They offer great potentials but also include many challenges. The sub-theme will address the enabling environment for non-conventional water resources development and operation through the following topics:

  • Low cost sewage water treatment & utilization
  • Role of non-conventional water in water scarce environment
  • The latest in desalination technology and development
  • Economic use of brackish water for agriculture and aquaculture
  • Nature based methods for polluted drainage water treatment
  • Reuse and recycling of treated wastewater and agricultural drainage water