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Cairo Water Week (CWW) has proved to be one of the biggest water-related events at the national, regional and international levels. It is an annual event organized by the Egyptian Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation, under the patronage of H.E. Mr. Abdel Fatah El-Sisi, President of the Arab Republic of Egypt, in collaboration with national, regional and international partners. CWW is not a one-off event, but rather part of a series of activities aimed at better connecting water organizations and wider water sector industries, regional interests, and communities. CWW is a platform for professional engagement, the exchange and sharing of ideas, learning from others, and identify areas for partnerships and collaborations.
As demand for freshwater is rising with factors, such as population growth, land use change, and climate variations, rendering water availability in the future is uncertain. A complex process affected by both natural and human activities, as well as climate variations, is expected to undergo substantial changes in the near future. Water resources are indisputably declining at an alarming rate all around the world. Moreover, urbanization is one of the most extreme forms of human-induced land use change resulting from the intricate actions of various physical and socio-economic factors. It leads to increased pressure on freshwater resources.
Recognition of the links between rapidly growing populations and shrinking freshwater supplies is the first step in making water use sustainable. There is not a global water shortage as such, but individual countries and regions need to urgently tackle the critical problems presented by water stress. Water has to be treated as a scarce resource, with a far stronger focus on managing demand. Integrated water resources management provides a broad framework for governments to align water use patterns with the needs and demands of different users.
This year, the fourth Cairo Water Week 2021, will take place during the period from 24th to 28th of October 2021 in Cairo – Egypt, and will address the main theme “Water, Population and Global Change: Challenges and Opportunities”.
The event this year will discuss population issues and the impact of overpopulation on management of transboundary rivers and other water resources, and climate and other global changes as they have a direct impact on the water sector.

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